The Insolvency (Amendment) Rules 2010 came into force on 6 April 2010 and apply to all cases where the date of presentation of the petition was on or after 6 April 2010 (unless in a company case there was a voluntary winding up resolution or an administration prior to that date). For these cases this Case Help Manual part applies.
For winding up and bankruptcy cases where the petition was presented before 6 April 2010 (or in company cases where there was a voluntary winding up resolution or administration before 6 April 2010) the ‘old’ version of the rules will continue to apply. The notices (NFN1/NFN3) available on ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab), although produced in accordance with the revised rules, will be suitable to give notice of a meeting to be held under the old rules. Please see HERE for the previous guidance which outlines the relevant notice periods.
When the official receiver becomes aware that there are sufficient realisable assets to attract nominations from creditors or contributories for the appointment of an insolvency practitioner (IP) a meeting of creditors should be called having due regard to the guidance given in Technical Manual Chapter 17 paragraph 17.3. The official receiver may also decide to hold a meeting in a case where an IP is willing to act and has the support of creditors despite there being no assets, but such events are rare.
A decision as to whether to call a meeting is normally made by the examiner once the vetting on a particular case has been concluded and recorded through the ‘Decide whether to appoint IP for the case’ workflow task (alternatively the decision can be recorded on the ‘Creditors’ tab> ‘Record Meetings’ screen).
If 25% in value of the creditors have requested a first meeting, provided all the requirements are met, then the official receiver must hold one. Any meeting requested should be recorded as a note on ISCIS (‘Notes’ tab> ‘General Administration’> ‘Meeting to be held’ note). The “requisition request under consideration” box should be ticked (ISCIS ‘Creditors’ tab). For more information on this subject please refer to the Case Help Manual: Meetings: Requisitioned Meetings.
Notices for first meetings NFM (ISCIS ‘Docs’ tab) must be sent to, all known creditors and contributories, the bankrupt and appropriate company personnel.
The official receiver is required to publish a notice of the meeting in the London Gazette. The official receiver may also advertise the matter in such other manner as he or she thinks fit. The required gazette notice should be prepared in Word format and sent by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. The email should indicate which official receiver’s office the request came from and the subject line should contain the appropriate account number:
A template is available for this purpose here. A ‘General Administration’ note should be added detailing the advert request (‘Notes’ tab), this note should be used to record that a gazette notice has been requested.
The Insolvency (Amendment) Rules 2010 has specified the content of these published notices. If the official receiver decides to advertise the meeting the appropriate notice can be produced through ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab) as NFN1 and the reasoning behind the decision should be recorded in a note on ISCIS (‘Notes’ tab). For further information please see the CHM - Publication of Insolvency Information.
Publishing the notice is a way of telling people about the meeting who otherwise would not know of it e.g. creditors who for some reason have not been included in the Preliminary Information Questionnaire (PIQ) or statement of affairs.
For further details see Case Help Manual part: First meeting generally
Meetings are generally held at the official receiver’s office. However, the Insolvency (Amendment) Rules 2010 have introduced provisions that allow the official receiver to hold meetings remotely. This may be done for example via the use of a telephone conference system or by accessing a web-based forum and details of the arrangements must be given in the meetings notices (for bankruptcy cases use NFN1, for company cases use NFN2, ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab). For more information regarding remote meetings please see the TM Chapter 16 – Meetings Part 12.
The bankruptcy or company personnel must be given at least 14 days notice of a meeting. The official receiver can, should he/she so wish, require them to attend. An appropriate letter is sent to the bankrupt and company officers giving notice of the meeting and stating whether or not their attendance at the meeting is required (Form NMBO)(ISCIS ‘Docs’ tab).
The official receiver is required to send notice of the meeting to all known creditors, contributories, the bankrupt and appropriate company personnel. This is done using ISCIS ‘Docs’ form NFM (Notice of first meeting) or NGM (Notice of general meeting) as appropriate. The notice must state the time, date and place of the meeting. This is an appropriate time to also issue the official receiver's report to creditors but note that the creditors and contributories must also receive a proof of debt form (POD) together with a proxy form (PROXY) for voting purposes.
The Insolvency (Amendment) Rules 2010 have introduced provisions which permit the official receiver to send the notice of meetings to creditors and contributories by electronic means, provided that the intended recipient has consented to electronic delivery and has provided an electronic address for delivery. Where the official receiver issues a notice by electronic means, the recipient must be informed that they may request a hard copy and be given a telephone number, email address and postal address for making such a request. Where a hard copy of the notice is requested, it must be sent within 5 business days of receipt of the request.
The official receiver may also satisfy the requirement to give notice of a meeting to creditors and/or contributories by the notice being available for viewing or downloading on a website. The official receiver is required to notify creditors of the address of the website together with any password required. As with electronic delivery above, the notice given to creditors must also inform the recipient of their entitlement to request a hard copy.
If the number of creditors makes it impractical for notices to be sent out in the usual way, the official receiver may obtain permission from the court to merely advertise the meeting. This should only happen in exceptional circumstances, for example where an insurance company has many policy holders. An application to court must also be made in these circumstances for an order dispensing with the requirement to send out proofs and other documents to all creditors.
Creditors, contributories (in companies), the bankrupt and where appropriate company officers must be given no less than 14 days notice of the meeting. In practice, taking into account any postal methods, this means sending out the notices no less than 21 days before the meeting is to be held.
The Gazette notice and any other advertisement of the meeting, such as in a newspaper, should be published no less than 14 days before the meeting date.
Proofs and proxies must be lodged no later than 12 noon on the business day before the meeting. This date should be recorded on the ‘Record Meetings’ screen (‘Creditors’ tab) in the proxy date/time boxes.
Where can I find more?
The Insolvency Rules 1986 as amended by Insolvency (Amendment) Rules 2010:
Rule 4.50 - Companies Winding Up - First Meetings
Rules 4.57-4.60 – Companies Winding Up – Meetings of Creditors and Contributories
Rule 6.79 – Bankruptcy – First Meeting of Creditors
Rules 6.83- 6.86 - Bankruptcy – Creditors’ Meetings
The Insolvency Act:
Section 136 - Functions of Official Receiver as liquidator
Section 293 - Summoning of a meeting to appoint first trustee
Technical Manual:Case Help Manual:
Forms to be used:
NFM - Notice of First Meeting
NFN 1 – Notice for Newspaper covering advertisement – First meeting of creditors – Bankruptcy
NFN3 - Notice for newspaper covering advertisement - First meeting of creditors/contributories – Company
NMBO - Notice to a bankrupt/company officer or partner of a meeting and whether their attendance at the meeting is or is not required
POD - Proof of Debt form
PROXY - Proxy Form
Calling a meeting flowchart for cases where the petition was presented on or after 06 April 2010.
For cases where the petition was presented before 06 April 2010 please see the annexed Case Help Manual Part Calling a Meeting – December 2008.
ISCIS tabs that must be used to record/view information are given in brackets, e.g. (‘Case Header’ tab).
1. The examiner should prepare an RTC (ISCIS ‘Docs’ tab, see ISCIS protocol ‘RTC’), once the RTC has been approved it should be saved to the electronic case file. An instruction should then be sent to the person/team responsible for booking meetings according to local office practice. The instruction will normally take the form of a general note which should be added (ISCIS, ‘Notes’ tab) under the category ‘General Administration’, sub category ‘Meeting to be held’. The ‘Record Meetings’ (ISCIS ‘Creditors’ tab) screen should also be used to record details of the meeting.
2. Arrange an appropriate date and time for the meeting to be held, ensuring that creditors and contributories will receive at least 14 days notice before the meeting. You should allocate a minimum of 21 days to allow sufficient time for posting, etc. Confirm that the meeting will be held within 4 months of the insolvency order. If not, apply to the court for an extension of time. Details of the meeting should be added to the ‘Meeting to be held’ note (ISCIS, ‘Notes’ tab).
3. Where an extension of time has been applied for await the return of the order from court before sending out the notices to the creditors (and contributories in a company).
4. Ensure that the list of creditors on ISCIS (‘Creditors’ tab) is complete, including any references.
5. Input meetings decision, date and time of meeting using ISCIS workflow, (alternatively the appropriate data entry box can be found on the ‘Creditors’ tab after selecting the ‘Record Meetings’ screen).
6. Prepare the Notice of First Meeting (NFM) or (NGM) on ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab) stating the date and time of the meeting. Send this to all known creditors and contributories with:
7. Prepare and send form NMBO on ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab) to the bankrupt and company officers quoting the date and time of the meeting and state whether or not the bankrupt or company officers are required to attend. The examiner will enter these details on the ‘Meeting to be held’ note (‘Notes’ tab). These parties must also receive at least 14 days notice of the meeting
8. Prepare the Gazette notice and if required, other advertisement e.g. local newspaper (form NFN1 or NFN2, ISCIS ‘Docs’ tab). Templates are available as Word documents and can be found in the ‘Forms to be Used’ section.
The creditors, contributories, bankrupt and company personnel must receive their notices at least 14 days before the meeting.
9. Record the meetings date in the diary according to local office practice and update ISCIS ‘Meeting to be held’ note (ISCIS ‘Notes’ tab) with the date the notices have been sent.
After the meetings notices have all been sent
10. Deal with all proofs and proxies as they arrive ensuring that ISCIS is regularly updated with creditors’ information (ISCIS ‘Creditors’ tab). For further guidance on this please refer to the Case Help Manual part: Proofs and Proxies.
11. For the next stage in the procedure please refer to Case Help Manual part: Day of Meeting