Amend Description (ISCIS)
Descriptions are relevant to bankruptcy matters only. The description is used for identification purposes, so that creditors can easily recognise the individual against whom the order has been made. The description of a bankrupt forms part of the bankruptcy order and is the title of the proceedings. It is first used at the bankruptcy petition stage.
The description of a bankrupt should be included on all statutory forms, notices, gazettes and advertisements. It must be as full and accurate as reasonably possible and can only be changed by the court. The procedure for making an amendments to the description is known as “Application to Amend Title of Proceedings”.
If the error is an accidental slip or omission (e.g. if a discrepancy is identified when comparing the details on the bankruptcy order with details on the petition) it can be corrected under the Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) ‘slip rule’ by application to the court without notice. (See TM 4.13A). Application can be made by contacting the appropriate court, identifying the error and requesting that the order be rectified. A fax is normally sufficient for this purpose.
The Insolvency Rules set out those details which should be covered in the description for the purpose of identifying the bankrupt. In summary, they are:
This is not meant to be a definitive list, in particular, the provisions for debtors’ petitions are different to that for creditors’ petitions and thus it is important to refer any concerns to an examiner for their attention.
The following details must never be included in a description for the reasons given:
This can lead to complaints or even legal action by third parties with similar names or who actually live at the incorrect address.
Where the official receiver receives notice of a bankruptcy order including a prison address, he or she should immediately refer it back to the court for amendment.
In cases where the bankruptcy petition was presented on or after 6 April 2010 a court order can be sought to limit the disclosure of a bankrupt’s current address where such disclosure might put an individual at risk of violence. Where the official receiver receives notice of a bankruptcy order including such an address, he or she should immediately refer it back to the court for amendment. See CHM part ‘Initial Notices and Letters’ paragraph 6 for more details.
e Inclusion of a company’s name.
A bankrupt may be described as a “company director” but the company should not be named, even if it is in liquidation, as it is a separate legal entity . Where a former business is sold on to new owners, e.g. a nursing home or a hotel, great care should be taken in the wording so as not to connect the new business with the bankruptcy. Any matters relating to this would be dealt with by the examiner.
If any of a to e above appear in a description and you have not been asked to apply for an amendment of title you should refer the matter to your B1. It may be appropriate to correct the description under the ‘slip rule’ (See introduction).
With a creditor’s petition, the petitioning creditor's solicitor will have drawn up the description based upon the information available. In the case of a debtor’s petition, the court clerk is responsible for completing the description from details supplied by the bankrupt when the petition is filed. For this purpose, the court clerk may contact the official receiver for assistance in preparing the description, where necessary.
Once a bankruptcy order is made it then becomes the official receiver (or trustee) who is obliged to apply to court for any alterations to be made where there are errors or omissions in the description.
The description is based on the information provided in the petition and may be incomplete or inaccurate. For example, the bankrupt’s initials may be quoted rather than his or her full name, the bankrupt’s occupation may be stated as “unknown” when in fact he or she is a trader or an address at which the bankrupt has incurred debts may have been omitted.
Care needs to be taken when amending a description as the official receiver does not want to appear to be pedantic but accuracy is important. For this reason, any queries that you may have regarding whether or not a description needs amending should be referred in the first instance to the examiner.
Generally, the examiner who interviews the bankrupt will decide whether an amended description is required and will draft this accordingly. If it is your local office practice for administrative staff to provide the amended description, then it should be approved by the examiner/Assistant Official Receiver before application is made to the court.
An amendment of title can be made at any time after the bankruptcy order is made and the official receiver should apply to court soon after becoming aware of any mistakes or omissions. A description may only be amended by the court and until such an order is made, the original title of the proceedings must be used. Generally, most amendments of title are routine and as such notice of the application is not served on any other person so that the court can consider the application immediately without fixing a date or venue. Ideally an amendment of description should be obtained prior to issue of the report to creditors.
The application and draft court order are prepared by completing form AMOT on ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab). Form AMOT uses the description from the ‘Case Header’ tab as the new description. It is important therefore that the description on ISCIS is updated to include the required amendments prior to form AMOT being produced. Once the AMOT has been produced the description on the ‘Case Header’ tab should be changed back to the original description (i.e. the description shown on the bankruptcy order) pending receipt of the sealed order amending the description. The description shown on the ‘Case Header’ tab is amended using the ‘Edit Full Case Description’ screen on the ‘Vetting & Interviews’ tab.
Once the court has ordered that the title be amended the new description should be recorded on ISCIS. This should be done by using the ‘Edit Full Case Description’ screen on the ‘Vetting & Interviews’ tab. Once this has been done the amended description will automatically be updated on the ‘Case Header’ tab. The official receiver must inform the Land Registry of the amendments made by completing form LRRABO (ISCIS ‘Docs’ tab’). The new description must be used in all further notices, and correspondence, where necessary. It is important that any amendment including a change to the bankrupt’s name must also be amended on the ISCIS ‘Case Header’ tab.
Following the court order to amend the title of bankruptcy proceedings, the official receiver may decide to gazette the amendment. Where the changes are minimal or will make no difference to the administration of the case and there is no benefit to be gained by publishing the minor amendment, it should not be gazetted. The official receiver also has discretion to advertise the amendment and the same considerations apply. It should be noted that no other form of advertising can be done without also gazetting.
To gazette an amended description the ORBS’ ‘Gazette Notice Workaround’ should be followed (see Here)
If the official receiver has decided to advertise the amendment the appropriate notice for the newspaper (NFN1) needs to be produced (ISCIS ‘Docs’ tab), you must also select the ‘other institutions notified’ tick box on the case header tab and a note should be made on ISCIS (‘Notes’ tab, general, other) to explain why the decision was taken to advertise the case. The advertisement should be sent under cover of form LCAD to the advertising agents (ISCIS ‘Docs’ tab). For further information on gazetting and advertising see CHM part Publication of Insolvency Information.
9. What happens when the court amends a description under the ‘persons at risk of violence’ provisions?
The court may also make an order amending the description following an application by the bankrupt (or rarely, the official receiver) for his or her current address to be removed from the description due to the risk of violence to the bankrupt or a family member. Where such an order is made notice must be given to the Land Registry as soon as possible using form LRRABO. The new description must be entered on ISCIS (‘Vetting & Interviews’ tab) and ISCIS (‘Case Header’ tab) must be updated to indicate that the current address is to be withheld.
It is unlikely that the official receiver would wish to publish notice of the order in these circumstances although he/she has the discretion to do so. In the rare circumstances where it is thought appropriate, the gazette notice and any advertisement must not include the current address of the bankrupt as part of the standard contents of the notice and must not include the description under which the proceedings were previously published. The usual gazette notice form (B37.18) must not be used and a template gazette form for this event has been drafted – see ‘Forms to be Used’. The newspaper advertisement form (NFN1 Amendment of Bankruptcy Description) must be amended to ensure that the current address and previous description are omitted.
a There is no corresponding procedure in company liquidation. But where the company’s name is wrong, it can be changed by order of the court. For information regarding action needed where the name of the company on the order is incorrect see Technical Manual paragraphs 3.23, 3.23A and 3.24.
b The court should delete any prison address which may appear in a petition under its general authority to amend proceedings at any time, so that the order will not contain reference to the prison address. It is, however, acceptable for the address of a prison to appear in a petition for the purpose of bringing proceedings within the jurisdiction of a particular court.
Where can I find out more?
6.7 Identification of debtor (creditor’s petition)
6.35 Amendment of title of proceedings (creditor’s petition)
6.38 Identification of debtor (debtor’s petition)
6.47 Amendment of title of proceedings (debtor’s petition)
6.235(B) Persons at Risk of Violence
Case Help Manual:
AMOT -Amendment of Title
LRRABO - Land Registry Registration of a Bankruptcy Order
B37.18 – Gazette Notice – Amendment of title of proceedings
Gaz 14 – Gazette notice - Amendment to Title of Proceedings (Persons at Risk of Violence). Click HERE for word template
NFN1 - Notice for newspaper (1) – Amendment of bankruptcy Description. Click HERE for Word template
ISCIS tabs that must be used to record/view information are given in brackets e.g. (‘Docs’ tab).
NOTE: The text of the amended description must be carefully checked for absolute accuracy.
1. Receive approved request for amended description from examiner with a draft of the new description, if appropriate. Otherwise, draft amended description and have approved by examiner/AOR.
2. Prepare application to amend order by the court, form AMOT on ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab).
3. Leave the date of the order blank for the court to complete.
4. Pass the application to the AOR/OR for signature.
5. Send the forms to court for sealing and ask for one copy to be filed on the court file and the remaining copy to be returned to you.
On receipt of the sealed order of the court.
6. Enter the new description onto ISCIS (‘Vetting & Interviews’ tab)
7. Prepare form LRRABO ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab) and after careful checking send to HM Land Registry.
8. Where the examiner has decided that the official receiver should not gazette or advertise the amended description, no further action has to be taken.
9. If the examiner directs that the amended description be gazetted, prepare B37.18 (Gazette Notice – Amendment of title of proceedings) on ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab then select ‘gazette history, this will allow you to select form B37.18 from a drop-down list). This will be submitted electronically for publication.
10. If the examiner directs that the amendment be advertised in a newspaper, produce the appropriate notice, NFN1. The notice can be produced through ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab).
11. The NFN1 should be sent under cover of form LCAD to the advertising agents. For further information see CHM part Publication of Insolvency Information
On receipt of amended description order under the ‘persons at risk of violence’ provisions.
12. Enter new description onto ISCIS (‘Vetting & Interviews’ tab) Immediately mark ISCIS (‘Case Header’ tab) to show that the current address is withheld.
13. Prepare form LRRABO using ISCIS (‘Docs’ tab) and after careful checking despatch to Land Charges Department.
14. If the official receiver decides to publish notice of such an order the Word template gazette form (Gaz 14 – see ‘Forms to be Used’ ) must be used and form NFN1 must be completed without including the current address or previous description.